Risk factors and complications of Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is a type of vaginal infection that occurs due to an imbalance of bacteria. You may experience unusual vaginal discharge, bad odor, itching, and pain. It is caused by the bacteria Gardnerella vaginalis. It has the capacity to reproduce in the vagina. It alters the normal pH balance. It is a disease that only concerns women. So, it cannot be passed from a woman to a man. However, it is better to avoid sex when you have this infection as it will make the infection worse and cause a lot of pain.

Risk factors

Teenagers are at high risk of having this infection. But women in their mid-ages are also at risk of bacterial vaginosis. It is more prevalent in Mexican-American and black women. If you frequently douche you are also at risk of having this infection.If you have this infection during the time of pregnancy, then it will severely affect the immune system and the reproductive system. If you live in poverty, you smoke or you take drugs then you have a higher chance of having this infection. A woman who has a female sex partner has a high risk of having bacterial vaginosis. Sometimes, use of perfumed detergents to wash the vaginal area can cause the infection. This is because these perfumed products contain harsh chemicals. You should be careful in choosing the type of contraceptive as well. Certain pills pose a higher risk of having bacterial vaginosis.


Most people usually don’t have many complications due to bacterial vaginosis. But if you don’t treat it on time you may have certain problems.

Complications during pregnancy

If you don’t take proper treatment then your child may have pneumonia. The chance of miscarriage increases. The risk of having an infection in the womb lining also increases.

Pelvic inflammatory disease

There is a risk of having the pelvic inflammatory disease if you have bacterial vaginosis. You will have pain in your lower abdomen and pelvis region. It will hurt while having intercourse. It makes your upper genital tract to swell.

Risk of sexually transmitted infections

The risk of having sexually transmitted diseases, like HIV,  increase if you leave bacterial vaginosis untreated. Your immune system will decrease and your body will become more prone to infections.

If you don’t get treatment on time you are likely to have recurring cases of bacterial vaginosis. You can apply over-the-counter vaginal gel or cream. For severe cases, you can see a doctor and take prescribed medicine. Bacterial vaginosis is a relatively less complicated disease compared to other reproductive problems; but, you will need to take treatment on time to remain safe from any complications.

Image Source: keepherawesome.com